Simple Pie Chart in Java Swing

Update !

This pie chart compoment has now been moved into the Iceberg Charts project . Please use Iceberg Charts for a more complete charting experience.

I know there are a lot of Swing charting software libraries out there (JFreechart comes to mind). But a lot of them come across as too bloated and require a lot of time to become familiar with.

My own Piechart is as simple as it gets; collect your segments as percentages in a list, along with the corresponding colours :

You can get something that looks like this :

Its really basic, but its also very minimalist and does away with a lot of noise that other charting programs offer.

Simple Indicator.

I thought I would also add a couple more modes to my pie chart. The second mode is what I would call a simple indicator mode. This displays just one percentage value as a slice of the pie.

I find these indicators look very effective as small graphics next to numerical text, as the following example tries to show:

I’m not 100% sure this is the best way to visually enhance percentages, but I think it looks good in certain situations.

Graded Indicator.

Another visual approach to showing a percentage growing into a critical phase, is to somehow grade the colors as the percentage level gets higher. I decided to create a third mode which allows the user to set a number of gradings with corresponding colors. As the percentage gets close to 100% the pie sections get smaller and the colors get more prominent.

Here is an example :

To use the third mode simply add an array of percentages with an array of colours, plus an overall percentage, to a third constructor :

Here is the source code to the pie chart with all three modes :


Posted in Swing, Swing Components | Tagged , , , | 17 Comments

17 Responses to Simple Pie Chart in Java Swing

  1. Ruwan Rathnayake says:

    Wow! Gotta say after searching and studying many Charting libraries, this is the easiest and the simplest one I’ve found. It’s so simple as even a newbie can use it really easily. And you have explained how to use it in a really clear way. Keep up the great work felixzacat!

  2. zlloyd1 says:

    I cannot get this code to work, because I keep getting errors about the lines,
    Double val = values.get(i);
    saying, incompatible types,
    required: color
    found: object
    Am I missing something here??

    • felixzacat says:

      you should be passing in an array of Double values, and an array of Color objects. Maybe you are passing in the wrong object type?

      • Tiwaking says:

        Third time lucky. I’ve been trying to type in ArrayList*Double* (replace * with greater than/less than) and the code is automatically parsed and removed the greater than/less than signs. I think that is what has happened to the generics in your code example. There must be a greater-than/less-than escape character some where.
        Thanks for the pie chart!!

    • Tiwaking says:

      felixzacat is missing the Generic Type for the ArrayList

      // private ArrayList values;//felixzacat didnt generic this
      private ArrayListvalues;
      // private ArrayList colors;//felixzacat didnt generic this
      private ArrayListcolors;
      // private ArrayList gradingValues;//felixzacat didnt generic this
      private ArrayListgradingValues;
      // private ArrayList gradingColors;//felixzacat didnt generic this
      private ArrayListgradingColors;

      And here

      public PieChart(ArrayListvalues, ArrayListcolors) {

      And here

      public PieChart(int percent, ArrayListgradingValues, ArrayListgradingColors) {

  3. Philipp says:

    Nice job dude,
    saves me a lot of time.

    Just as a hint: You can use generics for the different ArrayList, like ArrayList.
    I get compile errors with the code above if i dont use generics or cast to the right Type.

    But really, thx a lot.

    • Tiwaking says:

      This is really strange: I typed in ArrayList and ArrayList with the code tags and it automatically removes and
      I think it has something to do with the code tags

  4. Simon Williams says:

    I used this and it’s pretty simple, I did have a slight problem where it wasn’t displaying. This display problem was due to my lack of Java knowledge where I did not set the size of the piechart.

    If you’re just fiddling don’t forget to do something like this to see it appear:
    pieChart.setSize(100, 100);

  5. Dave Smith says:

    Thanks for the code! I ported it over to SWT, here’s the SWT version (the main function is just there for testing)

    import java.util.ArrayList;

    import org.eclipse.swt.SWT;
    import org.eclipse.swt.layout.FillLayout;
    import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Canvas;
    import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Composite;
    import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display;
    import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Shell;

    public class PieChart extends Canvas

    public PieChart(Composite parent, int style)
    super(parent, style);
    type = Type.SIMPLE_INDICATOR;
    this.percent = 15.0;
    addPaintListener(new PaintListener()
    public void paintControl(PaintEvent e) {

    enum Type {

    private Type type = null; //the type of pie chart

    private ArrayList values;
    private ArrayList colors;

    private ArrayList gradingValues;
    private ArrayList gradingColors;

    double percent = 0; //percent is used for simple indicator and graded indicator

    public void setPercent(int percent)
    type = Type.SIMPLE_INDICATOR;
    this.percent = percent;

    public void setValues(ArrayList values, ArrayList colors)
    type = Type.STANDARD;

    this.values = values;
    this.colors = colors;

    public void setPercentAndGrading(int percent, ArrayList gradingValues, ArrayList gradingColors)
    type = Type.GRADED_INDICATOR;
    this.gradingValues = gradingValues;
    this.gradingColors = gradingColors;
    this.percent = percent;


    protected void paint(PaintEvent pe)
    Point size = getSize();
    int diameter = size.x > size.y ? size.y:size.x;

    GC gc = pe.gc;
    Display display = pe.display;

    if (type == Type.SIMPLE_INDICATOR)
    //colors used for simple indicator
    Color backgroundColor = display.getSystemColor(SWT.COLOR_WHITE);//SWTResourceManager.getColor(SWT.COLOR_WHITE);
    Color mainColor = display.getSystemColor(SWT.COLOR_BLUE);//SWTResourceManager.getColor(SWT.COLOR_BLUE);
    gc.fillOval(0, 0, diameter, diameter);
    Double angle = (percent / 100) * 360;
    gc.fillArc(0, 0, diameter, diameter, -270, -angle.intValue());

    else if (type == Type.STANDARD)
    int lastPoint = -270;

    for (int i = 0; i < values.size(); i++)

    Double val = values.get(i);
    Double angle = (val / 100) * 360;

    gc.fillArc(0, 0, diameter, diameter, lastPoint, -angle.intValue());
    System.out.println("fill arc " + lastPoint + " "
    + -angle.intValue());

    lastPoint = lastPoint + -angle.intValue();
    else if (type == Type.GRADED_INDICATOR)

    int lastPoint = -270;

    double gradingAccum = 0;

    for (int i = 0; i percent)

    System.out.println(“gradingAccum > percent”);

    //get the previous accumulated segments. Segments minus last one
    double gradingAccumMinusOneSegment = gradingAccum – val;

    //make an adjusted calculation of the last wedge
    angle = ((percent – gradingAccumMinusOneSegment) / 100) * 360;

    gc.fillArc(0, 0, diameter, diameter, lastPoint, -angle.intValue());

    lastPoint = lastPoint + -angle.intValue();


    angle = (val / 100) * 360;

    gc.fillArc(0, 0, diameter, diameter, lastPoint, -angle.intValue());

    System.out.println(“fill arc ” + lastPoint + ” ”
    + -angle.intValue());

    lastPoint = lastPoint + -angle.intValue();

    public static void main(String[] args)
    Display display = new Display();
    final Shell shell = new Shell(display, SWT.SHELL_TRIM);
    shell.setLayout(new FillLayout());
    PieChart chart = new PieChart(shell, SWT.NONE);
    shell.setSize(500, 500);;
    while (!shell.isDisposed()) {
    if (!display.readAndDispatch())

  6. Keks says:

    Hey, thank you for your code.
    I was wondering if it is possible to use the piecharts in a loop. I tried it with an array of piecharts and it worked nearly right – they had all the same value at the end which is not right but while I debugged it every value was right. I hope you know what I mean and maybe you have an idea what I’m doing wrong?! Thank you in advance!

  7. happyuser says:

    I dont know if I got it right but i havent found the constructor for PieChart where you can add 2 ArrayLists!
    Can someone tell me where i can find it?

  8. Sfrozo says:

    very simple code given in this blog

    use this code in your function and give data as you required

    just use this code in your function
    tested by useing jar file:-
    in application.

    DefaultPieDataset dpdset=new DefaultPieDataset();
    dpdset.setValue(“1st Quater”,new Integer(5));
    dpdset.setValue(“2st Quater”,new Integer(15));
    dpdset.setValue(“3st Quater”,new Integer(15));
    dpdset.setValue(“4st Quater”,new Integer(5));
    dpdset.setValue(“5st Quater”,new Integer(15));
    dpdset.setValue(“6st Quater”,new Integer(25));
    dpdset.setValue(“7st Quater”,new Integer(5));
    dpdset.setValue(“8st Quater”,new Integer(15));
    JFreeChart chart=ChartFactory.createPieChart(“Sale Report”,dpdset, true, true, true);
    // PiePlot p=(PiePlot)chart.getPlot();
    PiePlot p=(PiePlot)chart.getPlot();

    // p.setForegroundAlpha(TOP_ALIGNMENT);
    ChartFrame frame=new ChartFrame(“Sale Report”,chart);


    Note:-Each type of chart is posted on this blog.

  9. Sfrozo says:

    use this code in your function and give data as you required for 3d Rotaional pir chart.

    tested by useing jar file:-
    in application.

    final DefaultPieDataset data = new DefaultPieDataset();
    data.setValue(“SUN PHARMA”, new Double(43.2));
    data.setValue(“INTAS”, new Double(10.0));
    data.setValue(“CIPLA”, new Double(17.5));
    data.setValue(“ARISTO”, new Double(32.5));
    data.setValue(“OTHERS”, new Double(12.5));

    // create the chart…
    final JFreeChart chart = ChartFactory.createPieChart3D(
    “Pie Chart 3D Demo 2″, // chart title
    data, // data
    true, // include legend

    final PiePlot3D plot = (PiePlot3D) chart.getPlot();
    // add the chart to a panel…
    final ChartPanel chartPanel = new ChartPanel(chart);
    chartPanel.setPreferredSize(new java.awt.Dimension(500, 270));

    final Rotator rotator = new Rotator(plot);

    use Rotator classs
    * To change this license header, choose License Headers in Project Properties.
    * To change this template file, choose Tools | Templates
    * and open the template in the editor.

    package pichart;

    import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
    import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
    import javax.swing.Timer;
    import org.jfree.chart.plot.PiePlot3D;

    * @author Sforzo IT
    public class Rotator extends Timer implements ActionListener {

    /** The plot. */
    private PiePlot3D plot;

    /** The angle. */
    private int angle = 270;

    Rotator(final PiePlot3D plot) {
    super(100, null);
    this.plot = plot;

    public void actionPerformed(final ActionEvent event) {
    this.angle = this.angle + 1;
    if (this.angle == 360) {
    this.angle = 0;


    Note:-Each type of chart is posted on this blog.

  10. Nitesh says:

    Awesome post..
    IT solve my big problem


  11. George says:

    How do I add the coloured labels that explain what each colour means in the piechart? As in this picture here:


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